Gum Disease Treatment

My Gentle Dentist Arana Hills will Resolve Your Gum Problems Quickly, Safely & Effectively

Gum Disease Overview

Do your gums bleed after flossing or brushing?

Does it hurt when you bite into crunchy or hard foods?

Do you notice the colour of your gums turning darker?

If you are experiencing one or more of these symptoms, you may have gum disease.

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place.

Thankfully, it is a treatable disease, particularly when detected at an early stage.

Gum disease is typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and harden.

In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to:

Note: Gum disease has been linked to heart disease, low birth weight in babies and other health problems, so it is a condition that should be taken seriously.

Did we scare you? Good!

Gum disease is bad stuff, but it can be treated.

The earlier you start keeping your gums healthy the happier your teeth, smile and your overall health will be.

Normal Tooth Vs. Periodontitis

Let us Explain Gum Disease “Visually” to You

All About Gum Disease

Can I See Some Pictures to Better Understand Gum Disease?

Sure!

The following images show the progression of gum disease:

progress-of-gum-disease-1

1. Healthy gums holding teeth firmly in place.

progress-of-gum-disease-2

2. Infection due to plaque (germs) and calculus (tartar) beginning to destroy the supporting gums and bone around the teeth.

progress-of-gum-disease-3

3. Severe loss of gum and bone support as infection continues untreated. It leads to loose teeth, followed by loss of teeth.

What Are The Gum Disease Causes?

Your mouth is full of bacteria that live off the food and sugars left behind after you eat. These bacteria can form sticky, gooey plaque.

Plaque releases acid that weakens your tooth enamel and irritates your gums.

If you brush and floss thoroughly and regularly, you can remove these bacteria from your teeth and gums before they have a chance to cause a problem.

However, when you grow lax with your Dental hygiene, these bacteria proliferate, infecting your gum tissue and leading to the symptoms of gum disease.

Once the bacteria work their way between your gums and your teeth, they become harder to remove.

Plaque Releases Acid that Weakens Your Tooth Enamel and Irritates Your Gums

Smoking is the Most Significant Risk Factor for Gum Disease

Who Can Get Gum Disease and What are the Risk Factors?

Anyone can develop gum disease.

It is seen in young teens, adults, and older adults alike.

However, some people are at an increased risk of gum diseases compared to others.

Smoking is the most significant risk factor and can make treatment for gum disease less successful.

Here are the other most common risk factors for gum disease:

  • Diabetes
  • Hormonal changes in girls and women
  • Medications that lessen the flow of saliva
  • Certain illnesses, such as AIDS, and their medications
  • Genetic susceptibility.

What Are The Gum Disease Symptoms?

Gum disease is progressive; the symptoms are subtle, thus not readily detectable.

In fact, you probably won’t see or feel the first signs of gum disease and that is the reason why a trained eye and skill of a Dentist or periodontist is useful.

Gum disease occurs in several stages.

Early-stage gum disease is known as gingivitis, a term that simply means “inflammation of the gums.”

Later-stage gum disease is known as “periodontitis,” a term that refers to inflammation of the periodontal ligaments, which are connective tissues that anchor your teeth into your jawbone.

The symptoms of gum disease start off rather minor but become harder to overlook as the condition worsens.

Gingivitis is Early-Stage Gum Disease and Periodontitis is Later-Stage Gum Disease

Bad Breath is a Hallmark Symptom of Gum Disease

The hallmark symptoms of both gingivitis and periodontitis include:

If you experience any of these symptoms call us for an appointment.

Your teeth, and your health, depend on stopping gum disease before it does more damage.

How is Gum Disease Diagnosed?

At a Dental visit, a Dentist or Dental hygienist will do 3 things:

  1. Examine your gums and note any signs of inflammation.
  2. Use a tiny ruler called a “probe” to check for and measure any pockets around the teeth. In a healthy mouth, the depth of these pockets is usually between 1 and 3 millimetres. This test for pocket depth is usually painless.
  3. Ask about your medical history to identify conditions or risk factors (such as smoking or diabetes) that may contribute to gum disease.

Note: The Dental professional may also:

  • Take an x-ray to see whether there is any bone loss
  • Refer you to a periodontist. Periodontists are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of gum disease and may provide you with treatment options that are not offered by your Dentist.

My Gentle Dentist are Experts in Diagnosing Gum Disease

Goal of Gum Disease Treatment is to Control the Infection

What is the Goal of Gum Disease Treatment?

The goal of treatment, in gum disease, is to reduce the pockets caused by toxic build up and shifting teeth. In other words, to control the infection.

Your gum disease treatment will depend on several factors, including your personal healthy history and the stage of your gum disease.

Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home.

The dentist may also suggest changing certain behaviours, such as quitting smoking, as a way to improve your treatment results.

Your dentist will talk to you about a treatment plan that works best for you.

As with most oral health ailments, gum disease is easier to prevent than it is to treat.

If you develop gum disease, it is very important to seek prompt treatment.

Left untreated, gum disease can lead to missing teeth and therefore regular dental checkups are strongly recommended as prevention is always better than cure.

What are The Treatment Options for Gum Disease?

Professional Cleaning:

In the very early stages – when it is gingivitis – you may just need a professional cleaning from your Dental team.

They can also give you some great advice and tips on how you can keep your teeth and gums healthy.

Scaling and Root Planing:

If your gum disease is beyond gingivitis, the first step in treating gum disease usually involves scaling and root planing. 

This treatment may be done over more than one visit, depending on your personal needs.

root-planning-smoothes-tooth-root

Root Planing Smoothes the Tooth Root and Helps the Gums Reattach to the Tooth.

Scaling Removes Plaque and Tartar from Below the Gum Line.

Healed Site After Periodontal Surgery

healed-pocket-after-treatment

Healed pocket after treatment.

Periodontal Surgery:

Sometimes, scaling and root planing is not enough treatment on its own.

If pockets do not heal enough after scaling and root planing, gum surgery may be needed.

Surgery allows your Dentist to remove plaque and tartar from hard-to-reach areas.

Afterwards, your gums will be stitched into place to tightly hug your teeth.

Surgery can also help to shrink pocket depth and make it easier for you to keep your teeth clean.

Are There Any Alternative Options for Treating Gum Disease?

Treatment at home through proper brushing and flossing is important to remove plaque from the teeth and gums.

While brushing assists to eliminate plaque on the surface of the teeth, flossing helps to remove plaque from between the teeth and beneath the gum line.

Used regularly as a part of your daily oral health care regime, brushing and flossing can help to prevent and decrease the symptoms of gum disease.

While at home care is important for removing bacteria and reducing the risk of gum disease, gingivitis and periodontitis can only be cured by a professional Dentist.

Proper Brushing and Flossing is Critical to Gum Health

Prevention is Critical When it Comes to Gum Health

Gum Disease Prevention & Aftercare

Gum Disease Prevention:

Gum disease can be prevented by taking good care of your teeth and by having regular dental checkups that include a periodontal examination.

A little time invested in prevention of this disease can improve Dental and general health and can help minimise Dental expenses.

You can keep your gums and teeth healthy by:

Gum Disease Aftercare:

If your Dentist has administered an anaesthetic during your treatment, your mouth may remain numb for several hours, so it is best to avoid chewing around the treated area to avoid damage to the lips, tongue and cheek.

My Gentle Dentist are Your Gum Disease Treatment Experts

If your gums are red, swollen, sensitive, or prone to bleeding, you are probably in the early stage of gum disease and need help from us.

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